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An Exotic
World of Plants

The Plants
of the Palm House

Philodendron bipinnatifidum

English names: Lacy tree philodendron, selloum

Latin name: Philodendron bipinnatifidum

Family: Arum - Araceae

Origin: Brazil, Bolivia, Argentina, Paraguay

The philodendron is a woody-stemmed perennial, the aerial roots of which support the plant and bring water as well as mineral nutrients from the soil. The leaves --  large, dark green and deeply lobed --  can grow up to 1.5 metres long, from long, smooth stems. The stem is quite thick and is characterized by “eye-drop” leaf scars.  It small flowers cluster on a spadix that is enclosed within a funnel-like spathe.  Philodendron tissues contain calcium oxalate, which is irritating or poisonous. The juice may cause skin irritation. Chewing and/or swallowing parts of the plant can cause severe swelling and prevent the respiratory system from functioning properly.

Philodendron bipinnatifidum