Fuchsia x hybrida Koralle
English name: Fuchsia ‘Koralle’ hybrid
Latin name: Fuchsia x hybrida ‘Koralle’
Family: Willow herb/Evening primrose - Onagraceae
Origin: Under cultivation at the Palm House
This hybrid is derived from different species of fuchsia naturally occurring in the tropical areas of America. Gardeners, as a result of intergeneric and interspecies breeding, have obtained a number of cultivars grown as decorative plants. They received the first such hybrid in 1832; by 2008 there were approximately 18,000 cultivars and others are still being created. Thus, it is impossible today to establish their origins. For this reason, all hybrid fuchsias, both those of unknown origin and cultivars whose origins are agreed upon, are designated by the common name Fuchsia x hybrida.
The leaves of the ‘Koralle’ cultivar are single, ovate, sharply pointed and slightly serrated. The stems and the undersides of the leaves are reddish-coloured, and the veins of the leaves are a clear red. The flowers are pendulous, slightly elongated and tubular, with a red-pen colour. The flowers grow to 5 to 7 cm. in length. Several flowers, or even several dozen, cluster on the inflorescence.
The Fuchsia hybrid is a perennial which blooms long and profusely, from spring to late autumn, even in the shade. This is one of fuchsia’s best qualities. Individual flowers remain on the plant for a long time. In their native habitat, fuchsias are pollinated by hummingbirds (orthinophily, or pollination by birds). Seldom are hybrid varieties grown for their fruit. They are, however, popular ornamental plants, often placed on balconies and verandas.