English name: Sword fern
Latin name: Nephrolepis exaltata
Origin: Tropical regions
This fern appears mainly in the northern areas of South America (Brazil, Guyana), the Caribbean and the southern regions of North American (Mexico, Florida). The leaves are singly or double pinnate, 80 – 180 cm. Long. The sporangia, at the edges of leaves, produce spores mainly in the spring or summer. The rhizome is long and densely leafy, with runners.
In countries with warm climates, this plant is grown in gardens. In climates such as Poland's, it is grown mainly in greenhouses and indoors. The leaves are often used to decorate bouquets, wreaths and flower arrangements for special occasions. The nephrolepis was very popular in the Victorian era, but is now one of the most frequently cultivated ornamental plants. Because of its long, drooping leaves it may be grown hanging pots or on walls.