English name: Japanese holly fern
Latin name: Polystichum falcatum
Family: Wood fern - Dryopteridaceae
Origin: East Asia
In its natural environment, the Japanese holly fern grows at altitudes up to 1,000 metres above sea level, in regions bordering the tropics and sub-tropics. It may also be found on cliffs and mountain slopes bordering the sea. This evergreen perennial lives from three to ten years, and grows up to 60 cm. tall. Its sporangia are brown or black, regularly arranged on the underside of each leaflet. The rhizome is large and light brown. The Japanese holly fern is grown as a potted plant.